Lawful emotions

  • Robin L. West Law Center at Georgetown University, Washington, USA

Abstract

«Law and Emotions» scholarship of the last two decades, across a range of disciplines and methods, occurs around a handful of common comments: that law is based at least partly on emotions, even as it finds expression in rationality, that judicial interpretation of law is likewise colored by the emotional responses of judges to both the litigants before them and the precedents they apply, that law acts upon the «emotional subject» no less than upon the economic or political subject, that law, and particularly criminal law, tort law, and family law, often regulates our emotional lives, and that the ideal of justice toward which law strives is formed by empathic knowledge of others which is itself garnered partly from emotions. These sentences are central and vitally significant contributions to our understanding of law’s nature. However the «law and emotion» researches have not so clearly investigated another and perhaps equally central aspect of law relation to emotional life: that is law capacity to create, or produce emotions, and therefore to create or produce or influence on emotional health or ill health of the citizens whose lives it touches by other ways. Emotional wellbeing is now recognized as one of the central capabilities that liberal state just tends to develop. Law produces emotions of fear, anxiety, hope, frustration, satiation revenge, rage. Perhaps law and emotion scholars who are also interested in the meaning of justice might therefore fruitfully turn to the consideration whether law promotes emotional wellbeing, and the capacity for moral connections with others for which emotional wellbeing is so important, and how it might be reformed with these emotional values in mind — along side of more familiar ideals of efficiency, wealth, integrity, consistency and principle.

Keywords:

emotions that are created by law, society of equal opportunities, diffusion, mutual consent, individualism, constitutionalism

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Robin L. West , Law Center at Georgetown University, Washington, USA

Professor of Law and Philosophy

References

Abrahamson Sh. The Woman Has Robes: Four Questions. Golden Gate University Law Review, 1984, vol. 14, iss. 3, art. 4, pp. 489–503.

Anderson M. Negotiating Sex. Southern California Law Review, 2005, vol. 41, pp. 101–140.

Ayres I. A Separate Crime of Reckless Sex. Ian Ayres, Katharine Baker. Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper, 2005, no. 80. 84 p.

Baker K.K. Gender and Emotion in Criminal Law. Harvard Journal of Law and Gender, 2005, vol. 28, pp. 447–466.

Baker K.K. Why Rape Should not Always be a Crime. Minnesota Law Review. Forthcoming; Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper. 2015, no. 05. 53 p.

Bandes S.A. Empathy, Narrative, and Victim Impact Statements. University of Chicago Law Review, 1996, vol. 63, pp. 361–412.

Bandes S. Who’s Afraid of Law and the Emotions / Susan Bandes, Hila Keren. Minnesota Law Review, 2010, vol. 94, pp. 1997–2074.

Barnett R. E. Contract is Not Promise; Contract is Consent. Georgetown Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper, 2011, no. 11–29. 21 p.

Beard Ch.A. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. Dover Publications, 2004. 336 p.

Bell d. And We Are Not Saved: The Elusive Quest For Racial Justice. Basic Books, 1989. 304 p.

Brennan W. J. Reason, Passion and the Progress of the Law. Cardozo Law Review, 1988, vol. 10, issues 1–2, pp. 3–24.

Citizens United v. Federal Election Com’n, 2010. Available at: https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/558/08-205/ (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Cohen F. Transcendental Nonsense and the Functional Approach. Columbia Law Review, 1935, vol. 35, pp. 809–817.

Cover R.M. The Supreme Court, 1982 Term — Forward: Nomos and Narrative. Harvard Law Review, 1983, vol. 97, pp. 4–68.

Crenshaw K. Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Antidiscrimination Law. Harvard Law Review, 1988, vol. 101, no. 7, pp. 1331–1387.

Dailey A. C. The Hidden Economy of the Unconscious. Chicago-Kent Law Review, 2000, vol. 74, pp. 1599–1623.

Dred Scott v. Sandford, 1856. Available at: https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/60/393/case.html (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Dworkin R. Taking Rights Seriously. Harvard University Press, 1978. 392 p.

Estrich S. Real Rape. Harvard University Press, 1988. 176 p.

Feldman H.L. Foreword: Law, Psychology, and the Emotions. Chicago-Kent Law Review, 2000, vol. 74, pp. 1423–1430.

Finnis J. Natural Law and Natural Rights. Oxford University Press, 2011. 500 p.

Fiss O. M. Objectivity and Interpretation. Stanford Law Review, 1982, vol. 34, pp. 739–763.

Ford R. Racial Culture: a Critique. Princeton University Press, 2006. 248 p.

Foucault M. The History of Sexuality. Vol.1: An Introduction. Vintage; Reissue edition, 1990. 168 p.

Frank J. Law and the Modern Mind. Transaction Publishers, 2009. 446 p.

Freeman A.d. Legitimizing Racial discrimination Through Antidiscrimination Law: A Critical Review of Supreme Court doctrine. Minnesota Law Review, 1977, vol.62, pp. 1049–1061.

Freud S. Civilization and its Discontents. Merchant Books, 2013. 92 p.

Freud S. Totem and Taboo. Greentop Academic Press, 2011. 134 p.

Fuller L. L. The Morality of Law. Yale University Press, 1969. 262 p.

Gabel P. Another Way of Seeing: Essays on Transforming Law, Politics and Culture. Quid Pro LLC, 2013. 206 p.

Gabel P. The Phenomenology of Rights-Consciousness and the Pact of the Withdrawn Selves. Texas Law Review, 1984, vol. 62, pp. 1563–1597.

Gray D. Justice and Mercy in the Face of Excessive Suffering: Some Preliminary Thoughts. Nussbaum and Law (Philosophers and Law). Ed. by Robin West. Ashgate Pub Co, 2015. 506 p.

Harris A. P. A(nother) Critique of Pure Reason: Toward Civic Virtue in Legal Education. Angela P. Harris, Marjorie Shultz. Stanford Law Review, 1993, vol. 45, pp. 1773–1805.

Hart H. L. A. Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Theory. Oxford University Press, 1982. 250 p.

Hart H. L. A. Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals. Harvard Law Review, 1958, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 593–629.

Hart H. L. A. The Concept of Law. Oxford University Press, 2012. 380 p.

Heckman J. Promoting Social Mobility. Boston Review (Sep. 1. 2012). Available at: http://www.bostonreview.net/forum/promoting-social-mobility-james-heckman (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Henderson L. Legality and Empathy. Michigan Law Review, 1987, vol. 85, pp. 1574–1653.

Hucheson Jr. J. C. The Judgment Initiative: The Function of the ’Hunch’ in Judicial decision. Cornell Law Quarterly, 1929, vol. 14, pp. 274–288.

Huntington C. Failure to Flourish: How Law Undermines Family Relationships. Oxford University Press, USA, 2014. 352 p.

James W. The Varieties Of Religious Experience: A Study In Human Nature. Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, 2009. 284 p.

Kahan d.M. Two Conceptions of Emotion in Criminal Law. dan M.Kahan, Martha C. Nussbaum. Columbia Law Review, 1996, vol. 96, pp. 269–374.

Kelman M. Choice and Utility. Wisconsin Law Review, 1979, pp. 769–797.

Kelman M. Market discrimination and Groups. Stanford Law Review, 2001, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 833–896.

Kennedy d. distributive and Paternalist Motives in Contract and Tort Law, with Special Reference to Compulsory Terms and Unequal Bargaining Power. Maryland Law Review, 1982, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 563–658.

Kennedy d. M. Toward a Critical Phenomenology of Judging. The Rule of Law: Idea or Ideology? (S.Hutchinson & P.Monahan eds., 1987). 167 p.

Kittay E. F. Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency. Routledge, 1998. 256 p.

Levinson S. Constitutional Faith. Princeton University Press, 2011. 280 p.

Levinson S. Our Undemocratic Constitution: Where the Constitution Goes Wrong (and How We the People Can Correct It). Oxford University Press, 2008. 272 p.

Llewellyn K. Behind the Law of divorce. Columbia Law Review, 1932, vol.32, pp. 1293–1294.

Llewelyn K. Some Realism About Realism: Responding to dean Pound. Harvard Law Review, 1931, vol. 44, pp. 1222–1230.

Lochner v. New york, 1905. Available at: https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/198/45/case.html (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Mackinnon C. Feminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and Law. Harvard University Press, 1988. 332 p.

Marx K. Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. Penguin Classics, 1992. 1152 p.

Minow M. Foreword — Justice Engendered. Harvard Law Review, 1987, vol.101, pp. 64–67.

Minow M. Passion For Justice. Martha Minow, Elizabeth Spelman. Cardozo Law Review, 1988, vol. 10, pp. 37–76.

Noonan Jr.J.T. Persons and Masks of the Law: Cardozo, Holmes, Jefferson, and Wythe as Makers of the Masks. University of California Press, 2002. 227 p.

Nussbaum and Law (Philosophers and Law). Ed. by Robin West. Ashgate Pub Co, 2015. 506 p.

Nussbaum M.C. Love’s Knowledge: Essays on Philosophy and Literature. Oxford University Press, USA, 1992. 432 p.

Passions and Emotions: NOMOS LIII (NOMOS — American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy). Ed. by James E. Fleming. NyU Press, 2012. 350 p.

Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896. Available at: https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/163/537 (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Posner R. Ethical Basis of Wealth Maximization. The Economics of Justice. Harvard University Press, 1981. 432 p.

President Barack Obama, Election Campaign Speech in Roanoke, Virginia (July 13, 2012). «you did not build that». Available at: http://pjmedia.com/zombie/2012/07/18/the-ultimate-takedown-of-obamas-you-didnt-build-that-speech/ (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Resnik J. On the Boas: Feminist Reconsiderations of the Aspirations for our Judges. Southern California Law Review, 1988, vol. 61, pp. 1877–1944.

Roe v. Wade, 1973. Available at: https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/410/113/case.html (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Rubenfeld J. The Riddle of Rape-by-deception and the Myth of Sexual Autonomy. Yale Law Journal, 2013, vol. 122, pp. 1372–1443.

Schulhofer S. J. Unwanted Sex: the Culture of Intimidation and the Failure of Law. Harvard University Press, 2000. 336 p.

Seidman L.M. On Constitutional Disobedience (Inalienable Rights). Oxford University Press, 2013. 176 p.

Singer J. Divorced From Reality: Rethinking Family Dispute Resolution. NyU Press, 2015. 240 p.

Sunstein C.R. The Partial Constitution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993. 414 p.

The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice. Ed. by Franklin Miller, Alan Wertheimer. OUP USA, 2009. 432 p.

The King Philosophy: The Beloved Community, The King Center. Available at: http://www.thekingcenter.org/king-philosophy#sub4 (accessed: 07.10.2016).

The Passions of Law (Critical America). Ed. by Susan A. Bandes. NyU Press, 2001. 368 p.

Turkheimer d. Sex Without Consent. Yale Law Journal, 2013, vol. 123, pp. 335–345.

Tushnet M. Red White and Blue: a Critical Analysis of Constitutional Law (Constitutional Thinking). University Press of Kansas, 2015. 376 p.

Unger R.M. The Critical Legal Studies Movement: Another Time, A Greater Task. Verso, 2015. 224 p.

Warren E. Speech at Netroots Nation. Elizabeth Warren (July 2015). Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/elizabeth-to-speak-at-netroots-nation-rally_55a938f8e4b03f76c5ee2be2 (accessed: 07.10.2016).

Wertheimer A. Consent to Sexual Relations. Cambridge University Press, 2003. 310 p.

West R. Authority Autonomy and Choice: The Role of Consent in the Moral and Political Visions of Franz Kafka and Richard Posner. Harvard Law Review, 1985, vol.99, pp. 384–428.

West R. Caring for Justice. New york: New york University Press, 1997. 356 p.

West R. Caring for Justice. NyU Press, 1999. 366 p.

West R. Constitutional Skepticism. Boston University Law Review, 1992, vol.72, pp. 765–799.

West R. do We Have a Right to Care. Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency. Routledge, 1998. 256 p.

West R. Freedom of the Church and our Endangered Civil Rights: Exiting the Social Contract. The Rise of Corporate Religious Liberty. Eds. Zoe Robinson, Chad Flanders, and Micah Schwartzman). Oxford University Press, 2015. 528 p.

West R. Jurisprudence and Gender. The University of Chicago Law Review, 1988, vol. 55, pp. 1–72.

West R. Jurisprudence as Narrative: An Aesthetic Analysis of Modern Legal Theory. New York University Law Review, 1985, vol. 60, pp. 145–167.

West R. L. The Anti-Empathic Turn. NOMOS, Forthcoming; Georgetown Public Law Research Paper. 2011, no. 11–97, pp. 9–57.

West R. Law, Rights, and Other Totemic Illusions: Legal Liberalism and Freud’s Theory of the Rule of Law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1986, vol. 134, pp. 817–882.

West R. Normative Jurisprudence: an Introduction. Cambridge University Press, 2011. 220 p.

West R. Toward a Jurisprudence of the Civil Rights Act, in A Nation of Widening Opportunities: the Civil Rights act at 50. Eds. Samuel Bagenstos, Ellen Katz. University of Michigan Press forthcoming, 2014. 27 p.

Published
2016-06-01
How to Cite
West , R. L. (2016). Lawful emotions. Pravovedenie, 60(3), 6-33. Retrieved from https://pravovedenie.spbu.ru/article/view/6947
Section
Concept of law